Russian culture

Kargopol toy

Valentin Sheveliov. Quadrille Composition. 1984

Valentin Sheveliov. Quadrille Composition. 1984

Kargopol toy

The town of Kargopol was founded in the twelfth century. For several centuries it was an important commercial and agricultural centre of Northern Russia. Rites and rituals connected with agriculture and the agricultural year contributed to the development of local folk culture, folklore and craftsmanship, whose themes and motifs were reflected in the patterns of woven and embroidered ornaments, clay sculpture, and toys.

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Folk wood-painting

Folk wood-painting

Cupboard wall, detail. 1915. Ussolye district, the village of Zakamcnnaya. 27 cm wide. BLLM

Russian Folk wood-painting

Folk wood-painting is one of the most interesting fields of Russian arts and crafts in the Kama area. Painted wooden articles were to be found in peasant houses and landlord’s mansions, including furniture, tools, household utensils and means of transportation such as sledges, carts and river vessels. It was first discovered by the journalist V. I. Nemirovich-Danchenko in the 1870s, and in the 1920s P. S. Bogoslovsky, A. K.Syropyatov and N. Ye.Onchukov, students of the Urals artistic culture, spoke about the great variety of wood-painting in the Kama area. But its real value and establishment of its place in Russian traditional culture was determined in the 1960s owing to the efforts of an expedition of associates of the Institute of the Arts and Crafts Industry led by V. A.Baradulin.

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The Yusupov’s palace

Blue reception-room. Arch. A.Mikhailov, 1830's.

Blue reception-room. Arch. A.Mikhailov, 1830’s.

The Yusupov’s palace

YUSUPOV dynasty belongs to the one of the ancient ones of Russia. Its roots ascend to rulers of Nogaisky Horde. At the time of Ivan Groznij Yusupov were approached to the throne and in consequence they occupied a considerable position in Russian State.

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Edged weapons from Zlatoust

Edged weapons from Zlatoust 19 th Century

Cavalry officer’s sabre, model 1817. By W. and L. Schaaf (?). 1820
Cavalry officer’s sabre, model 1817. By W. and L. Schaaf (?). 1822

Edged weapons from Zlatoust 19 th Century

Among the famous repositories of Russian arms and armour such as the Hermitage in Leningrad, the History Museum in Moscow and the Museum of Regional Studies in the town of Zlatoust, the collection of the Museum of the Artillery, Engineering Corps and Communication Troops in Leningrad holds pride of place. This collection has been amassed over more than two centuries and mainly consists of edged weapons decorated by craftsmen of Russia, Georgia, the North Caucasus, India, Japan, and the Near East. A special section comprises works from the Zlatoust Arms Factory, which include over 150 sabres and palashes, small-swords and rapiers, backswords, daggers and hunting knives, all manufactured in the nineteenth century. A large number of decorated edged weapons date from the 1820s and 1830s, when the art of arms-making at Zlatoust reached its highwater mark.

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Russian folk clay toys

Russian folk clay toys

A LARGE FAMILY. 1972.
The town of Kirov. Made by Z. V. Peiikina (b. 1897), the I. E. Repin State Prize laureate. Red clay, painted. 30хX 18 х 24,2.

Russian folk clay toys

The clay toy is a highly original domain of folk art. From the hoar antiquity did it carry into the XXth century the type of minor plastic forms which have retained their own range of colours and their specific assortment of painted and moulded-decoration.

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Wooden sculpture of Russian North

Wooden sculpture of Russian North

Wooden sculpture of Russian North

At the same time from the Middle Ages in the north – in Kargopol, Kholmogory, Archangel, the Solovetsky and Anthony-Syisky Monasteries, in bigger villages of the Northern Dvina, the Pinega and the Mezen areas their own workshops existed, where skillful craftsmen worked, carving out of wood statues of saints, remarkable for epic Power and plastic expressiveness. The same masters created carved many-tier iconostases, adorned with ornamental and sculptural decor for many wooden and stone churches in villages, towns and monasteries on the vast territory of the region. Our region was also famous for small-scale works of plastic art. In trade centers, villages and monasteries many craftsmen lived, who executed with great mastery delicate miniature carvings on wooden, stone and bone icons, panagias (images worn round the neck by bishops), diptychs, triptychs and crosses.

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Folk Painting on the Northern Dvina

Folk Painting on the Northern Dvina

A bread-bin Permogorye painting. Mid-19th century

Folk Painting on the Northern Dvina

Northern Dvina peasant painting is an original, striking phenomenon in Russian folk art. Painted household articles were in great demand in Russia. To further boost the demand, the sources they came from were kept secret. Little was known about the places where these wonderful works of art were produced from olden times until the turn of the century.

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Soviet porcelain

Soviet porcelain

Soviet porcelain

As we predicted the supply for USSR art porcelain is still continious.
The prices for USSR art porcelain we can compare with Moscow’s real estate prices – growth is almost the same. And for some very rare and old pieces the prices had arose as much as down town Moscow’s real estate prices.
There is such point of view for this demands. For the first, very simple, it’s just inflation. For the second, more certainly, that for the time when USSR was disintegrated in 1990″s, most of all the porcelain factories is losed most of their high professional art workers and painters. They have not prepared and not gave the quality work for old and new generations of their art workers. Porcelain factories is still makes the items that was created 30-40 years ago and this items do not have so detailed paintings as has the same items, but the old ones. And this is the reason that the old porcelain is more desairable.

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Monuments of eastern Siberia

Monuments of eastern Siberia

YAKUTSK. The eastern tower of the former Yakutsk gaol, built in 1685-1686. Photo: А. Falamov.

Monuments of eastern Siberia

In no other part of the world is it as difficult to get at these riches. Man is challenged by severe climatic conditions, perma-frost, impenetrable forests, mighty and swift rivers, stormy ocean and other barriers. That is why only those endowed with daring, endurance, perseverance and firmnra can get at its riches.

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The state history museum collection

The state history museum collection

Table clock Faberge. Front – Petersburg. 1873 Master Henry vigstrema. Silver, enamel, bone, metal, pearls. Rear – Petersburg.
1899-1908 Master Henry vigstrema. Gold, silver, enamel.
Watch pocket. At The Top — Switzerland. The second half of the XIXth century Gold, metal, enamel. Bottom – Switzerland. The end of the XIXth century Gold, diamonds, enamel, metal.

The state history museum collection of clocks and watches

ORDER OF LENIN STATE HISTORY MUSEUM

The State History Museum Collection of clocks and watches regarded as objects d’art boasts about 400 items. Comprising all the main types of mechanical timekeepers, that is table clocks, mantel clocks, wall clocks, bracket clocks, travelling clocks as well as pocket watches and wristwatches, the collection fairly represents the craftsmanship of both West European and Russian clock-makers of the 16th—20th and 19th—20th centuries. The choice of items for the collection was based on their artistic value and their belonging to famous figures in history.

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