Russian culture

State Museum-Reserve Tsaritsyno

State Museum-Reserve Tsaritsyno

Tsaritsyno

State Museum-Reserve Tsaritsyno
Oh, Tsaritsyno! My soul will preserve the memory of everything that I have seen here. My last look at you will be a look of regret as I am parting with you and a look of gratitude for the consolation, which you had given me. I shall never ever forget you!
A. Woyeikov. “Tsaritsyno”. 1825
“Tsaritsyno – beyond compare…”
Keys to understanding of historical monument

Tsaritsyno is a famous historical estate in the south suburb of Moscow, taking no more than 30 minutes to reach from the city center. This architectural ensemble appeared here at the end of the 18th century, being the largest imperial residence built outside St. Petersburg. It’s only the famous Moscow Kremlin with its ancient churches and Great Kremlin Palace that may be greater in size and grandeur of architectural appearance than Tsaritsyno.
Tsaritsyno was built in 1776-1796 by the order of Catherine the Great to become an architectural memorial to her rule (1762-1796) and to be a mysterious quest for the generations to come.

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Carved painted woodwork

Carved painted woodwork

Carved painted woodwork

Figure of Peter the Great on horseback Early 18th century
Woodcarver, Mark Borodavkin

If we look at the things, even very simple ones, that were used day after day in old village homes, we shall hardly find a single piece devoid of decorative element. The ornament might consist of a modest painting in two or three colours, or an unpretentious carving, but it was not uncommon to meet an ordinary household article which was a genuine work of art. These qualities of Russian folk-styled woodenware are illustrated by a collection of painted and carved woodwork of the 16th-19th centuries belonging to the Smolensk Museum. Carved painted woodwork
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Treasures of Mediaeval Russia

Treasures of Mediaeval Russia

Trinity Church in Nikitniki. Moscow, 1628-1653

Treasures of Mediaeval Russia

The finest works of Russian art are closely bound up with the history of Russia itself, the creative toil of the Russian people, the striving for justice, and the struggle for a transformation of society and state. The exquisite frescoes and carvings, the oral heroic poems, the folk tales and chronicles, which were always based on a profound interest in the fortunes of the state and the people, bear witness to the Russian people’s keen sense of duty and patriotic awareness, their ability to understand their country’s present and revere its past.

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Russian Bone-carving

Russian Bone-carving

Needle-case in the form of a locomotive. 1840s.

Russian Bone-carving in 18th and 19th centures

The traditions of bone-carving in Russia go back to medieval times. This is proved by numerous artefacts unearthed by archaeologists in Staraya Ladoga, Novgorod and other places. Whereas our knowledge of early Russian bone-carving comes only from those isolated objects which have survived, more ample information is available about craftsmen and their output from the 17th century onwards. Many items carved from walrus tusk and ivory have come down to the present day.

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Russian Gold and Silver Articles

Russian Gold and Silver Articles

Barmy. Detail

Russian Gold and Silver Articles of the 12th—17th centuries

One of the halls of the Armoury in the Moscow Kremlin has on display a collection of articles made by Russian gold- and silversmiths of the 12th—17th centuries, the artistic and historic value of which can be hardly overestimated. It comprises all sorts of royal and church utensils: gold and silver bowls, loving cups, chalices, crosses, gospels and icons in magnificent covers. This artistic heritage, represents a wide variety of forms, original designs, and complicated techniques, which speak of high standards of craftsmanship of the masters. Most of the objects made of gold, silver, pearls and gems were therefore intended for the elite: the royal family, princes and high clergy. In spite of the the masters who created all those valuables strove to preserve in their works the elements of traditional folk art. This desire of theirs showed itself in the shapes and ways of decorating the objects. Russian jewellers practised various techniques of working precious metals: casting, chasing, repousse, carving, incision, niello, filigree, painted enamel, and made a good use of gems.

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Russian Arms

Russian Arms

3. A sword decorated by the “diamond-cutting technique”. Work of Tula masters of the latter half of the 18th century. Restored to its original form by artist restorer E. V. Butorov.

Russian Arms. Treasures of the Order of Lenin State Historic Museum
The Arms Department of the Order of Lenin State Historic Museum is an arsenal of its own kind displaying weapons of all ages, from antiquity to date. They range from the bronze “coulevrines”, the prototypes of modern firearms, to the modern automatic weapons.
A considerable part of the collection consists of Russian arms. Their historic significance is truly great. They are mute witnesses of the courage and heroism of Russian troops.
Most specimens of the weapons are associated with historic events: the Kazan and Livonian campaigns of the 16th century, the Russo-Polish wars of the 17th century, the 18th-century wars, the Patriotic War of 1812, the Crimean War of 1853-1856, the Russo-Turkish war of 1877 to 1878, the Russo-Japanese war of 1904-1905, the First World War of 1914-1918, and the Great Patriotic War.
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Gorodets folk painting

Gorodets folk painting

Mochesnik container with painted decoration. Detail. Late 19th century. History Museum, Moscow

Gorodets folk painting is one of the most distinctive and original developments in Russion folk oil of the nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century.
The home of Gorodets folk painting is the Middle Volga area, a region steeped in ancient culture, with numerous centers of folk art. Painting on wood was widely used here as decoration on peasant huts and for the patterned designs on children’s toys vessels, distaffs and other objects of peasant life. Very early on in history whole villages were engaged in manufacturing and selling small wooden articles. Each region devised its own inimitable style of painting, its own recipes for making paints and its own favorite decorative motives.

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The Ethnographical Museum of the Peoples of the USSR

The Ethnographical Museum

Old Man. Late 19th century Moss, fir cones. 24×8 cm Troitskoye district, Viatka prov­ince. Collected by L. Kostikov. The Ethnographical Museum of the Peoples of the USSR

The Ethnographical Museum of the Peoples of the USSR
Peasant art is characterized by a great decorative power, elegance of colour, structural simplicity and ornamental ingenuity. The Ethnographical Museum of the Peoples of the USSR is the central museum of its kind in the Soviet Union, a veritable treasury of folk culture and art.
The collections of this richest repository provide an illuminating insight into various epochs: they include articles characteristic of the period of the disintegration of primitive communal society collected in North-East Siberia, exhibits illustrating the patriarchal system of some peoples in the Northern Caucasus and Central Asia still retained at the turn of the century and domestic objects used by the Russians, Ukrainians and Baltic and some other peoples during the period of capitalist development. Along with these exhibits the Museum has a vast collection of objects which shed light on the daily life of the peoples of our country in the present period of advanced socialism.
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