Russian culture

Vladivostok

Vladivostok

4 Saratovskaya St. The Military Department building. Early 20th century. Photos by A. Mvalk.

Vladivostok is one of the largest cities in the Far East of Russia. It is the capital of Primorsky Krai. Rising from the sea coast and spreading on surrounding hills, Vladivostok seaport is situated in the southern part of picturesque Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula. There are about 620,000 people living in Vladivostok today.
There are a great variety of architectural styles in downtown Numerous museums reflect Russian culture. Culture of the modern Russian family can be learned during home visits and home stays in local families arranged by tourist agencies. It is also a good opportunity to try home-made Russian food. Visits to dachas (a kind of summer cottage that many Russians own) is another possibility to get acquainted with Russian life style.

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Dymkovo toys

Dymkovo toys

Nina Bornyakova. Teacher. 1979. 32X23X X17 cm. The Bussian Museum, Leningrad

Dymkovo toys

The descriptions of the festival in the local press of the 19th century show its transformation from a calendar rite to a merry celebration with a fair and entertainments where a lot of children delightedly and enthusiastically played with toy whistles. The change in the mode of the festivity brought about new forms and subjects of Dymkovo toys. Though the earliest figures to be found in museums date to the late 19th and early 20th centuries, their analysis in combination with the information of the local press give an idea of what the craft had been like during the whole of the 19th century, e. g. the character of toys, the subjects, the output, etc.

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Church of the intercession

Church of the intercession

The Church of the Intercession on the Nerl. View from north-west

Architecture and decorative sculpture of the 12th century Church of the intercession on the Nerl

The Church of the Intercession on the Nerl, like the Lay of Igor’s Host and Andrei Rublev’s icons, is one of the greatest creations of early Russian artistic genius. For eight centuries it stood on the Suzdal land, a small white island amid luscious green water meadows. The church is in harmony with the mood of the surrounding countryside and seems to be an integral part of it rather than a creation of a man.

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Modern articles of Altai masters

Modern articles of Altai masters

Modern articles of Altai masters

Modern articles of Altai masters

And again the stone, as in old times, is beginning to play an evident part in decorating towns and recreation places of Altai.
Stone fountains with “floating” spheres, stelae decorated with vases, decorative spheres on staircases perfectly enter town landscapes. They become indisputable memorials of both history and culture in those places which are one way or another connected with stonecutting business in Altai.

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Rostov Veliky

Rostov Veliky

Church of the Ascension or St Isidore the Blessed. 1566. The church was erected on the orders of Ivan the Terrible. The name of the master who built it was Andrei Maloy. In the foreground are the town ramparts (1632) erected by the Dutch engineer Jan Cornelius Rodenburg

Rostov Veliky

Rostov the Great (Veliky) is one of the oldest Russian towns. It is first mentioned in “The Tale of Bygone Years” with other Russian towns under the year 862. In fact, however, Rostov was founded much earlier. The first human settlements on this spot appeared in the Stone Age, the Neolithic period.
The town is conveniently situated on the shore of large Lake Nero into which several small rivers and streams run. The Kotorosl, which flows out of the lake and eventually into the Volga, links Rostov with this great Russian river.

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Russian artist Alexander Leonidovich Dudin

Russian artist Alexander Leonidovich Dudin

“New Year tree. 1953”. Russian artist Alexander Leonidovich Dudin (born 1953)

Russian artist Alexander Leonidovich Dudin

Alexander Dudin was born in 1953 in the Crimean city of Yalta. As early as 6 years he decided to become an artist. In 1973 he graduated from the Gorky Art School. Then he entered the Faculty of Arts of All-Russian State University of Cinematography, from which he graduated in 1979 with honors. He served one and a half years in the army, and on his return from the army was invited to teach at All-Russian State University of Cinematography. Alexander Leonidovich Dudin – a member of the Artists Union of Russia, a talented painter and graphic artist, author of illustrations of an enormous number of books from the Bible to modern classics. A brilliant draftsman, possessing different techniques: oil, watercolor, sanguine, charcoal, pastels – he is admired not only as a virtuoso, but also as the creator of the complex in composition and philosophical content of the paintings.
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Apostle of humanity Russian artist Vasily Vereshchagin

Apotheosis. Russian artist Vasily Vereshchagin

Apostle of humanity Russian artist Vasily Vereshchagin (1842-1904). Apotheosis of war. 1871. State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

Russian artist Vasily Vereshchagin (1842-1904) had the amazing and extremely solid destiny. The pupil of the Cadet Corps, an officer, a man of great courage and composure, he appeared wherever it was dangerous, where the whistling bullets and nucleus bloodshed. Vereshchagin was in Turkestan, in the Russian-Turkish war in the Balkans, was in the thick of the battle at Plevna and Shipka. He met his death as a soldier on board the battleship “Petropavlovsk”, undermined in 1904 by a mine in the Sea of ​​Japan.
And all his life he passionately hated war. Hated the brutality of war, death, which it carries to thousands of people in need, grief, pain, loss of irreplaceable – constant companions of war. He hated those to whom it is profitable. “War Against War” – was the motto of the life and work of the greatest battle artist Vereshchagin, “the apostle of humanity”, as called by his contemporaries.
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Russian folk crafts Kargopol toy

Russian folk crafts Kargopol toy. Valentin Sheveliov. Quadrille Composition. 1984

Valentin Sheveliov. Quadrille Composition. 1984. Russian folk crafts Kargopol toy

Russian folk crafts Kargopol toy
The town of Kargopol was founded in the twelfth century. For several centuries it was an important commercial and agricultural center of Northern Russia. Rites and rituals connected with agriculture and the agricultural year contributed to the development of local folk culture, folklore and craftsmanship, whose themes and motifs were reflected in the patterns of woven and embroidered ornaments, clay sculpture, and toys.
Gradually, however, the town, lying far from the new Baltic commercial routes, had lost its significance and became an ordinary out-of-the way town of the Olonets Province. New ideas were slow to reach the area and gain ground in it, while deeply rooted traditions pervaded the culture and life of this Northern region.
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Russian Folk wood-painting

Folk wood-painting

Cupboard wall, detail. 1915. Ussolye district, the village of Zakamcnnaya. 27 cm wide. Russian Folk wood-painting

Russian Folk wood-painting

Folk wood-painting is one of the most interesting fields of Russian arts and crafts in the Kama area. Painted wooden articles were found in peasant houses and landlord’s mansions, including furniture, tools, household utensils and means of transportation, such as sledges, carts and river vessels. It was first discovered by the journalist V. I. Nemirovich-Danchenko in the 1870s, and in the 1920s P. S. Bogoslovsky, A. K.Syropyatov and N. Ye.Onchukov, students of the Urals artistic culture, spoke about the great variety of wood-painting in the Kama area. But its real value and establishment of its place in Russian traditional culture was determined in the 1960s owing to the efforts of an expedition of associates of the Institute of the Arts and Crafts Industry led by V. A. Baradulin.

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Russian cultural heritage The Yusupov palace

Blue reception-room. Russian cultural heritage The Yusupov palace

Blue reception-room. Arch. A.Mikhailov, 1830’s. Russian cultural heritage The Yusupov palace in St. Petersburg

Russian cultural heritage The Yusupov palace
Yusupov dynasty belongs to the one of the ancient ones of Russia. Its roots ascend to rulers of Nogaisky Horde. At the time of Ivan Grozny, the Yusupov were approached to the throne and in consequence they occupied a considerable position in Russian State. Prince Nikolai Borisovich Yusupov the Elder was the magnate of Catherine’s time, the political statesmen. He was personally acquainted with Diderot, Voltaire and with a many European Monarchs. The Prince was the real expert and lover of the art. In his famous collection there are works of such painters as Van Dake, Busher, T’epolo… and more.

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