Russian culture

Russian Arms

Russian Arms

3. A sword decorated by the “diamond-cutting technique”. Work of Tula masters of the latter half of the 18th century. Restored to its original form by artist restorer E. V. Butorov.

Russian Arms. Treasures of the Order of Lenin State Historic Museum
The Arms Department of the Order of Lenin State Historic Museum is an arsenal of its own kind displaying weapons of all ages, from antiquity to date. They range from the bronze “coulevrines”, the prototypes of modern firearms, to the modern automatic weapons.
A considerable part of the collection consists of Russian arms. Their historic significance is truly great. They are mute witnesses of the courage and heroism of Russian troops.
Most specimens of the weapons are associated with historic events: the Kazan and Livonian campaigns of the 16th century, the Russo-Polish wars of the 17th century, the 18th-century wars, the Patriotic War of 1812, the Crimean War of 1853-1856, the Russo-Turkish war of 1877 to 1878, the Russo-Japanese war of 1904-1905, the First World War of 1914-1918, and the Great Patriotic War.
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Gorodets folk painting

Gorodets folk painting

Mochesnik container with painted decoration. Detail. Late 19th century. History Museum, Moscow

Gorodets folk painting is one of the most distinctive and original developments in Russion folk oil of the nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century.
The home of Gorodets folk painting is the Middle Volga area, a region steeped in ancient culture, with numerous centers of folk art. Painting on wood was widely used here as decoration on peasant huts and for the patterned designs on children’s toys vessels, distaffs and other objects of peasant life. Very early on in history whole villages were engaged in manufacturing and selling small wooden articles. Each region devised its own inimitable style of painting, its own recipes for making paints and its own favorite decorative motives.

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The Ethnographical Museum of the Peoples of the USSR

The Ethnographical Museum

Old Man. Late 19th century Moss, fir cones. 24×8 cm Troitskoye district, Viatka prov­ince. Collected by L. Kostikov. The Ethnographical Museum of the Peoples of the USSR

The Ethnographical Museum of the Peoples of the USSR
Peasant art is characterized by a great decorative power, elegance of colour, structural simplicity and ornamental ingenuity. The Ethnographical Museum of the Peoples of the USSR is the central museum of its kind in the Soviet Union, a veritable treasury of folk culture and art.
The collections of this richest repository provide an illuminating insight into various epochs: they include articles characteristic of the period of the disintegration of primitive communal society collected in North-East Siberia, exhibits illustrating the patriarchal system of some peoples in the Northern Caucasus and Central Asia still retained at the turn of the century and domestic objects used by the Russians, Ukrainians and Baltic and some other peoples during the period of capitalist development. Along with these exhibits the Museum has a vast collection of objects which shed light on the daily life of the peoples of our country in the present period of advanced socialism.
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Russian distaffs

Russian distaffs

Painted distaff. Base and lower part, details of painted de­coration. 1883. The North Dvina. Archangel region.

Russian distaffs

Russian distaffs occupy a peculiar position among the objects of folk art. It would be difficult to name any other tool used in a peasant household on which more loving care was lavished, to make its shape as perfect, and its decoration as beautiful as possible. People’s imagination has created a variety of shapes for the distaff. There is the monumental spade-like tool, the petal-shaped one on a slender figured leg, and the distaff in the form of a tower, resertibling some graceful work of architectural fancy.

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Winner of beauty contest Miss Russia 2017 Polina Popova

Winner of beauty contest Miss Russia 2017 Polina Popova

Winner of beauty contest Miss Russia 2017 Polina Popova

Winner of beauty contest Miss Russia 2017 Polina Popova

As RIA Novosti reported, representative of Sverdlovsk region Polina Popova became “Miss Russia-2017”. Accordingly, the second place took Moscow resident Ksenia Alexandrova, and the third became a representative of Bashkiria Albina Akhtyamova.
Traditionally, the winner was awarded a crown of white gold, encrusted with pearls and diamonds, a car and three million rubles. In addition, Polina Popova received the opportunity to represent Russia at the international beauty contests – Miss World and Miss Universe. Polina is 21 years old. She likes to play tennis and cook, and also learns Chinese. Her favorite literary work is “Gone with the Wind” by Margaret Mitchell, and likes such films as “Pretty Woman”, “Catch Me If You Can”, and “Let’s Dance”.
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Vladivostok Far East largest city

Vladivostok Far East largest city

Intersection of Svetlanslaya and Aleutskaya Streets. Vladivostok Far East largest city

Vladivostok Far East largest city
One of the largest cities in the Far East of Russia, Vladivostok is the capital of Primorsky Krai. Rising from the sea coast and spreading on surrounding hills, Vladivostok seaport is situated in the southern part of picturesque Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula. There are about 620,000 people living in Vladivostok today.
There are a great variety of architectural styles in downtown Numerous museums reflect Russian culture. Culture of the modern Russian family can be learned during home visits and home stays in local families arranged by tourist agencies. It is also a good opportunity to try home-made Russian food. Visits to dachas (a kind of summer cottage that many Russians own) is another possibility to get acquainted with Russian life style.
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Traditional Russian folk crafts Dymkovo toys

Traditional Russian folk crafts Dymkovo toys

Nina Bornyakova. Teacher. 1979. 32X23X X17 cm. The Bussian Museum, Leningrad. Traditional Russian folk crafts Dymkovo toys

Traditional Russian folk crafts Dymkovo toys
The descriptions of the festival in the local press of the 19th century show its transformation from a calendar rite to a merry celebration with a fair and entertainments where a lot of children delightedly and enthusiastically played with toy whistles. The change in the mode of the festivity brought about new forms and subjects of Dymkovo toys. Though the earliest figures to be found in museums date to the late 19th and early 20th centuries, their analysis in combination with the information of the local press give an idea of what the craft had been like during the whole of the 19th century, e. g. the character of toys, the subjects, the output, etc.
The chief manufacturers of toys were women and children, who wolked seasonally first, and later throughout the year. As the material, they used the local red clay ehca vated not far from the village. In the second half ot the 19th century dozens of families were engaged in the production of toys which were exported to neighbouring provinces, to the , Volga towns and even to Siberia.
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Church of the intercession

Church of the intercession

The Church of the Intercession on the Nerl. View from north-west

Architecture and decorative sculpture of the 12th century Church of the intercession on the Nerl

The Church of the Intercession on the Nerl, like the Lay of Igor’s Host and Andrei Rublev’s icons, is one of the greatest creations of early Russian artistic genius. For eight centuries it stood on the Suzdal land, a small white island amid luscious green water meadows. The church is in harmony with the mood of the surrounding countryside and seems to be an integral part of it rather than a creation of a man.

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