Russian painter of Orthodox frescoes and icons Andrei Rublev
The greatest medieval Russian painter of Orthodox frescoes and icons Andrei Rublev was born in the 1360s. He was a student of Theophanes the Greek. First was a novice at St. Nikon of Radonezh, and then a monk in the monastery of the Savior-in Moscow, where he died and was buried. In the ancient manuscript about Life of St. Sergius of Radonezh, compiled by his disciple Epiphanius, decorated with numerous thumbnails, Andrei Rublev is shown in three images: sitting on the stage and painting on the wall the Holy Face of Our Savior; coming to the newly built stone church in the monastery and being buried by Lavra fraternity. The monk died in the Andronicus Monastery January 29, 1430. The most important works of Andrei Rublev – icons and frescoes in the Cathedral of the Assumption in Vladimir (1408). Deisis of Theophanes the Greek and Andrei Rublev, as well as all of the gold-domed Church of the Annunciation at the king’s court, at the royal treasury, were burned in the great fire in Moscow in 1547.
The Old Master painters, including Dionysius, have experienced profound impact of his work. On Stoglav Cathedral (1551) Rublev’s icon painting was declared a model “Icons should be painted like ancient Greeks and Andrei Rublev painted”. Honored by locals as a saint from the XVI century, Andrei Rublev in our time was canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church in 1988, the church celebrates his memory on July 4 (July 17, New Style) .
From 1959 in Andronicus Monastery there is the Museum of Andrei Rublev, demonstrating the art of his time. Art critic Mikhail Alpatov wrote: “Art of Rublev – is primarily the art of great thoughts, deep feelings, concised by framework of images and symbols, the art of great spiritual content”, “Andrei Rublev revived the ancient principles of composition, rhythm, proportion, harmony, relying mainly on his artistic intuition”.