Russian painter Viktor Vasnetsov

'Prince Ivan on the Grey Wolf'. 1889. Painting by Russian artist Viktor Vasnetsov

‘Prince Ivan on the Grey Wolf’. 1889. Painting by Russian artist Viktor Vasnetsov

Russian painter Viktor Vasnetsov (May 15, 1848 – Moscow, July 23, 1926) was also an architect, master of historical and folk art, specializing in mythological and historical subjects. Viktor Vasnetsov is considered the co-founder of Russian folklorist and romantic modernist painting and a key figure in the revivalist movement. He studied at the St. Petersburg School of Drawing Society for the Encouragement of Arts (1867-68), at I.N. Kramskoy (1868-75), and the Academy of Arts, in which he became a full member in 1893. Since 1878 Victor Vasnetsov was a member of the Association of the Wanderers. He visited France (1876) and Italy (1885). Lived in St. Petersburg and Moscow. During his studies, drew for magazines and handicrafts. In the 1870s made small genre paintings, carefully painted in mostly grayish – brown tones. In the scene of street and home life of small merchants and officials, the urban poor and peasants Vasnetsov with large observation captures different types of contemporary society

Victor Vasnetsov. Self-portrait

Victor Vasnetsov. Self-portrait

In the 1880s, leaving genre painting, Viktor Vasnetsov created works on themes of national history, Russian epics and folk tales, to which he almost entirely devoted all his further work. One of the first Russian artists turned to Russian folklore, Vasnetsov sought to give his epic character works a poetic form to embody the ideals of the age-old folk and high patriotic feelings.

Painting 'After the Battle of Prince Igor with Polovtsy', 1880

Painting ‘After the Battle of Prince Igor with Polovtsy’, 1880

Viktor Vasnetsov created the painting “After the Battle of Prince Igor with Polovtsy” (1880), “Alyonushka” (1881), imbued with sincere poetry, “Prince Ivan on the Grey Wolf” (1889), “Three Heroes” (1881-98), full of faith in heroic strength of Russian people, “Tsar Ivan the Terrible” (1897). These paintings are in Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow.

Painting 'Tsar Ivan the Terrible', 1897

Painting ‘Tsar Ivan the Terrible’, 1897

With the general thrust of easel painting Vasnetsov in 1880 – 1890s was closely linked to the theater. Painted sets and costumes for the play – tale “The Snow Maiden” by Alexander Ostrovsky and the opera by Rimsky -Korsakov (in Moscow Private Russian Opera 1886). His works were example of creative interpretation of archaeological and ethnographic authentic material and had a great influence on the development of Russian theater and decorative art in the late 19th – early 20 centuries.

Snowmaiden, 1899

Snowmaiden, 1899

Shroud. 1896

Shroud. 1896

In 1883-85 Viktor Vasnetsov executed monumental mural “Stone Age” for the Historical Museum in Moscow. In 1885-96 he worked on paintings for Vladimir Cathedral in Kiev. In the painting of the cathedral Vasnetsov tried to make spiritual and emotional content into the traditional system of monumental painting of the church.

'The joy of the Lord, the righteous'. Threshold of Paradise (drum of the main dome Vladimir Cathedral in Kiev). Middle part. 1885-1996

‘The joy of the Lord, the righteous’. Threshold of Paradise (drum of the main dome Vladimir Cathedral in Kiev). Middle part. 1885-1996

'The joy of the Lord, the righteous'. Threshold of Paradise (drum of the main dome Vladimir Cathedral in Kiev). Right part. 1885-1996

‘The joy of the Lord, the righteous’. Threshold of Paradise (drum of the main dome Vladimir Cathedral in Kiev). Right part. 1885-1996

Viktor Vasnetsov also performed a series of portraits – Vasnetsov, 1878; Ivan Petrov, 1883 (both – the Tretyakov gallery.) Illustrations for “The Song of the Wise Oleg” by Pushkin (watercolor, 1899, Museum of Literature, Moscow) . In Soviet times, Vasnetsov continued to work on the popular fairytale themes (“Fight of Dobrynya Nikitich with Seven-Headed Serpent Dragon”, 1918, “Kashchei Immortal”, 1917-26, both pictures are in House-Museum of Victor Vasnetsov in Moscow).

Snow Maiden. Sketch of costume for the opera by Rimsky-Korsakov 'Snow Maiden' 1885

Snow Maiden. Sketch of costume for the opera by Rimsky-Korsakov ‘Snow Maiden’ 1885

Ded Moroz (Santa Claus). Sketch of costume for the opera by Rimsky-Korsakov 'Snow Maiden' 1885

Ded Moroz (Santa Claus). Sketch of costume for the opera by Rimsky-Korsakov ‘Snow Maiden’ 1885

Asp Altar with the figure of the Virgin and Child. Sketch painting for Vladimir Cathedral in Kiev. 1885-1893

Asp Altar with the figure of the Virgin and Child. Sketch painting for Vladimir Cathedral in Kiev. 1885-1893

Christ Pantocrator (cover of the main dome of St. Vladimir Cathedral in Kiev). 1885-1896

Christ Pantocrator (cover of the main dome of St. Vladimir Cathedral in Kiev). 1885-1896

Judgement. Western Wall of Vladimir Cathedral in Kiev. 1885-1896

Judgement. Western Wall of Vladimir Cathedral in Kiev. 1885-1896

Mary Magdalene. Original painting for mosaic of Russian church in Darmstadt. 1899

Mary Magdalene. Original painting for mosaic of Russian church in Darmstadt. 1899

Nestor the Chronicler. Sketches variant

Nestor the Chronicler. Sketches variant

Our Lady. Original painting for mosaic of Russian church in Darmstadt. 1899. Russian painter Viktor Vasnetsov

Our Lady. Original painting for mosaic of Russian church in Darmstadt. 1899

Painting 'Acrobats on holiday in the suburbs of Paris' in 1877. Russian painter Viktor Vasnetsov

Painting ‘Acrobats on holiday in the suburbs of Paris’ in 1877

Etude 'Alyonushka'

Etude ‘Alyonushka’

Painting 'Alyonushka' 1881. Russian painter Viktor Vasnetsov

Painting ‘Alyonushka’ 1881

Russian painter Viktor Vasnetsov. In the suit of the skomorokh' 1882

Painting ‘In the suit of the skomorokh’ 1882

Painting 'Knight at the Crossroads'. 1882

Painting ‘Knight at the Crossroads’. 1882

Painting 'Magic Carpet', 1880. Russian painter Viktor Vasnetsov

Painting ‘Magic Carpet’, 1880

Painting 'Sirin and Alkonost. Song of Joy and Sorrow'. 1896 (left). Russian painter Viktor Vasnetsov

Painting ‘Sirin and Alkonost. Song of Joy and Sorrow’. 1896 (left)

Painting 'Sirin and Alkonost. Song of Joy and Sorrow'. 1896 (right). Russian painter Viktor Vasnetsov

Painting ‘Sirin and Alkonost. Song of Joy and Sorrow’. 1896 (right)

Painting 'Sirin and Alkonost. Song of Joy and Sorrow'. 1896. Russian painter Viktor Vasnetsov

Painting ‘Sirin and Alkonost. Song of Joy and Sorrow’. 1896

Painting 'Three bogatyrs' (Three heroes). 1898

Painting ‘Three bogatyrs’ (Three heroes). 1898

Painting 'Three Princesses of underground kingdom'. 1884. Russian painter Viktor Vasnetsov

Painting ‘Three Princesses of underground kingdom’. 1884. Russian painter Viktor Vasnetsov

Prince Alexander Nevsky. Sketches variant. Russian painter Viktor Vasnetsov

Prince Alexander Nevsky. Sketches variant. Russian painter Viktor Vasnetsov

Savior. Original painting for mosaic of main iconostasis of Church of the Resurrection in St. Petersburg. 1901. Russian painter Viktor Vasnetsov

Savior. Original painting for mosaic of main iconostasis of Church of the Resurrection in St. Petersburg. 1901. Russian painter Viktor Vasnetsov

source http://www.bibliotekar.ru