Ten best Russian museums
International website TripAdvisor travelers submitted ranking of the best museums in the world, Europe and Russia in 2014. The State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg has become not only the best museum in Russia and Europe, but also in the top three world leaders. Five of the ten best Russian museums are in Moscow, three – in the northern capital, St. Petersburg. The Top-10 also includes a museum in Kaliningrad and Kizhi. Travelers’ Choice awarded the best tourist destinations of the world according to the analysis of millions of reviews & opinions of users of TripAdvisor.
The State Museum ‘Hermitage’, Saint-Petersburg is Russia’s largest and the world’s artistic, cultural and historical museum, founded in 1764. The Hermitage collection has about three million works of art and monuments of world culture. Good advice: “Buy an e-ticket online Hermitage, it will save time and frustration. To get to the museum with a ticket can bypass the entire line, which often stretches to the entire courtyard.” Address: Dvortsovaya Square, 2, St. Petersburg
Tretyakov Gallery in Lavrushinsky Lane, Moscow. Main gallery of Russian art, was founded in the middle of the XIX century by the famous Russian collector Pavel Tretyakov. By 1917, the collection of the Tretyakov Gallery had about 4,000 works by 1975 – 55 000 works. Tip: “It is particularly good to visit the museum with a tour guide, they are very passionate people, always very interesting tellers, and each time you learn something new.” Address: Lavrushinsky lane, d. 10, Moscow
Armoury Chamber, Moscow. Moscow treasure-house, part of the Grand Kremlin Palace. In the museum there are more than 4,000 unique products, including cap of Monomakh, and other rarities. Tip: “Visiting the armory is carried out on sessions – there are only four a day (10:00, 12:00, 14:30, and 16:30), it must be borne in mind when planning a trip. Thursday – day off (the entire Kremlin is closed to visitors).” Address: Dvortsovaya, d. 1, Moscow
Submarine Museum B-413, Kaliningrad. Submarine museum at the pier of World Ocean Museum on the waterfront of Kaliningrad. In 1969-1990 patrolled the Northern Fleet, in 2000 became a museum. In 1987, the B-413 has won first place in the Northern Fleet on mine productions and the order of the Commander of the Northern Fleet, was declared “A great ship.” Tip: “Suffering claustrophobia better not to go inside, a combat boat has little space.” Address: Embankment. Peter the Great, 1, Kaliningrad
The State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg. The largest museum of Russian art in the world. One of the most famous paintings of the museum – “The Ninth Wave” by Ivan Aivazovsky, it is often on tour in other museums around the world. Tip: “It is very convenient to go to the museum with a smartphone. Many of the pictures have a barcode and a museum has Wi-Fi. Read the barcode on your phone or listen to information about this picture.” Address: Engineering Str. 4, St. Petersburg
Diamond Fund, Moscow. Collection of unique jewels of historical and artistic value. Among the exhibits – the crown of the Russian Empire, the Order of the Golden Fleece, historical large-sized diamonds, jewelry pieces made of gold and platinum. The collection began to take shape in the XVIII century, when Peter I issued a special decree on the Conservation of things “to be the state.” Good advice: “Better to ride early in the morning to avoid the crowds.” Address: Red Square, Moscow
State Museum of Fine Arts named after Pushkin, Moscow. Museum of European and world art, opened in 1912. The museum was created on the basis of the Cabinet of Fine Arts and Antiquities of the Moscow University as a teaching-aid and public repository casts and copies of classic works of art. Founder and first director was Professor Ivan Tsvetayev. Address: Volhkonka street, 12, Moscow
Grand Layout Russia, Saint-Petersburg. Project 2012 – National show-Museum of the largest model of the country, with an area of 800 square meters. The layout presents the towns and villages, forests and the seas, people and animals, acting roads and railways. Interactive layout is controlled by 40 computers. More than 800,000 LED light models, simulating day and night. Tip: “Ideal for visiting with children, especially younger students.” Location: Tsvetochnaya Street, 16, St. Petersburg
Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center, Moscow. Modern museum dedicated to Jewish culture and religious tradition, history and life of the Jewish population, the history of Jews in Russia. It is the world’s largest Jewish museum and Europe’s largest indoor exhibit space: 4,500 m² exhibition area, the total area of 8500 m². Opened in Moscow on 8 November 2012. On the creation of the museum has been spent about $ 50 million. Tip: “The museum has a 4D-cinema and very interesting children’s clubs.” Address: Obraztsova street, 11, p. 1a, Moscow
State Historical-Architectural and Ethnographic Museum, Kizhi. One of Russia’s largest open-air museums. Historical, cultural and natural complex, is included in the UNESCO World Heritage list. Currently Museum “Kizhi” – one of the largest museums in the culture of the Russian North, collected therein collection includes 76 buildings. Over the years the museum on its territory were brought to the oldest wooden church in Russia – Church of the Resurrection of Lazarus (the second half of the XVI century). Tip: “Navigation on Onega ends November 20 and begins in June. To get to reserve is the most convenient from Petrozavodsk on hydrofoil. Tickets can be purchased directly at the port of Petrozavodsk with the entrance ticket and excursions to Kizhi”. Address: Kizhi, Karelia.