Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia. Russian folk costume is an integral part of the culture of our ancestors, has come down to us through the centuries. In Russia, the garment can determine social class person, this appearance has always attached special importance. In the above picture there are Perly (rods, sticks) – a necklace of freshwater pearls in the horsehair. Pearls mined in northern rivers. Pearls adorned hats and clothing made ​​from it earrings, necklaces, preserved in folk costume until the beginning of XX century. Freshwater pearls produced in kidney-shaped shells. The size of freshwater pearls ranges from small grains to peas diameter 10-14 mm. In the great festivals in Zadonsk and Zemlyansky districts of Voronezh region, width of rods could be up to ten of these threads.

Kolt (Koltushi, koltki) – alloy suspension of gold or silver ribbon at the temporal part of the headdress, replacing earrings, and served as amulets.

Kolt (Koltushi, koltki) – alloy suspension of gold or silver ribbon at the temporal part of the headdress, replacing earrings, and served as amulets.

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia. Koltushi decorated with images of birds - mythological sirin, tree of life, later christian motiffs

Koltushi decorated with images of birds – mythological sirin, tree of life, later christian motiffs

Koltushi сonsist of two convex plates, welded together with the handle of the top for hanging. There are round or star-shaped. Round decorated with images of birds, the Syrin, the tree of life, flowers, and later Christian motifs.

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia - Hryvnia

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia – Hryvnia

Hryvnia – cervical ring

Hryvnia – cervical ring

Hryvnia – cervical ring, sometimes with a broad insertion of solid gold or silver plate, decorated with carving, common in Kievan Rus. Often it’s not fastened and clamped around neck.

Kolodochka - tightly-woven collar of beads or chain in the snake shape

Kolodochka – tightly-woven collar of beads or chain in the snake shape

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia. Kolodochka, simulates a snake body

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia – Kolodochka, simulates a snake body

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia. Kolodochka

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia – Kolodochka

Kolodochka (tow) – tightly-woven surround collar of beads or chain that simulates body of a snake. Was widespread in Kaluga, Ryazan and Tula, as an ornament for girls and young women. And Lariat (coil, snake) – this is the long version, served as beads, or a belt.

Gribatka – Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia

Gribatka – like Gaitan, only strips of beads or chains are divided with ornament

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia. Gribatka

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia – Gribatka

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia - Gribatka

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia – Gribatka

Gribatka – like Gaitan, only strips of beads or chains are divided with ornament, like the main medallion on flat stretches

Gaitan (Gerdan, Ethan, Gita, koroleska, pochepka, chapochka) – made first of twisted metal rings

Gaitan (Gerdan, Ethan, Gita, koroleska, pochepka, chapochka) – made first of twisted metal rings

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia. Gaitan

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia. Gaitan

Gaitan - Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia.

Gaitan – breast, sometimes back decoration, made first of twisted metal rings, like a chain with a cross or an icon, then added artful weaving out of beads or threads

Gaitan - Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia

Gaitan – breast, sometimes back decoration

Gaitan (Gerdan, Ethan, Gita, koroleska, pochepka, chapochka) – breast, sometimes back decoration, made first of twisted metal rings, like a chain with a cross or an icon, then added artful weaving out of beads or threads. Now, Gaitana are long (up to waist), width of 10 cm, a strip of beads. The two ends are connected with glass beads suspension with ornament – a medallion beaded tassels, in ancient times with “vstavaranka” (bones from the chicken wing).

Butterflies - delicate, braided with pearls in the form of a butterfly’s wings

Butterflies – delicate, braided with pearls in the form of a butterfly’s wings

Butterflies - delicate, braided with pearls in the form of a butterfly’s wings

Butterflies – delicate, braided with pearls in the form of a butterfly’s wings

Butterflies is a metal rod with two blades, delicate, braided with pearls in the form of a butterfly’s wings, strung on horsehair or thin wire and attached to the bottom of the teardrop pendants or bell. Metal base made ​​mostly of brass – an alloy of copper and zinc and other elements, the shackle made ​​of silver. The shape of pearl earrings formed by the end of XVIII century. In the XIX century, became a substitute for natural pearls, pearl beads, glass beads.

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia. Golubtsy

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia. Golubtsy


Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia. Golubtsy

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia. Golubtsy

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia. Golubtsy

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia. Golubtsy

Golubtsy (from the word Pigeons), eagles, XVI-XVII century – a massive earrings resembled the silhouette stylized figures of one or two birds facing each other’s backs

dvoychatki (from the word "dva", which is "two" in English)

dvoychatki (from the word “dva”, which is “two” in English)

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia. Dvoychatki

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia. Dvoychatki

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia

hanging earrings with 1, 2 or 3 rods with carnelian, bone, mother of pearl beads or cylinders, beads, pearls

hanging earrings with carnelian, bone, beads, pearls

hanging earrings with carnelian, bone, beads, pearls

Odintsy, dvoychatki, Triad (from the words - one, two, three)

Odintsy, dvoychatki, Triad (from the words – one, two, three)

Odintsy, dvoychatki, Triad – came about the XV century, hanging earrings with 1, 2 or 3 rods with carnelian, bone, mother of pearl beads or cylinders, beads, pearls. Were common in Kaluga, the northern and central parts of European Russia.

Pyasy - massive suspension on the Shvenzy ring with bells at the bottom.

Pyasy – massive suspension on the Shvenzy ring with bells at the bottom.

Pyasy

Traditional jewelry in ancient Russia. Pyasy

Shvenzy rings were attached to the tapes or headgear, or fastened to the ear

Shvenzy rings were attached to the tapes or headgear, or fastened to the ear

Pyasy – approximately XIV, massive suspension on the Shvenzy ring with bells at the bottom

Pyasy – approximately XIV, massive suspension on the Shvenzy ring with bells at the bottom

Pyasy – approximately XIV, massive suspension on the Shvenzy ring with bells at the bottom. Shvenzy ring was attached to the tapes or headgear, or fastened to the ear. Later, they were made of beads.

Manistee

Manistee

Necklace (Manistee, necklaces) – layered necklaces, pendants, sometimes with coins.

Lenka - richly embroidered fabric collar

Lenka – richly embroidered fabric collar

Lenka (Wade, neck tape, ozherelok, zharelok, podzherelok, podgorlok) – richly embroidered fabric collar made ​​by it with ribbons, fringe or beads.

Naborushnik

Naborushnik

Naborushnik (Mantle, glunets) – circular decoration, front decorated with embroidery, gold or silver thread, gold thread, colored foil stripes, pearls or beads

Naborushnik (Mantle, glunets) – circular decoration

Naborushnik (Mantle, glunets) – circular decoration, front decorated with embroidery, gold or silver thread, gold thread, colored foil stripes, pearls or beads.

temple rings

temple rings

Temple rings were used in the 13th century. They were found in Vyatichi Burials, Moscow region. Made of Bronze, silver or gold. Women’s jewelry was woven into the hair at the temples.

The photograph of seven-bladed rings (IX-XII century), which were typical of vyatichi.

The photograph of seven-bladed rings (IX-XII century), which were typical of vyatichi.

Known since the Bronze Age, but in the 13th century, began to withdraw from circulation. The shape of the rings can identify tribe to which they belonged, and the owner or the area in which she lived (the union of tribes).

other rings

other rings

1 – Vyatichi,
2 – Radimiches (semiluchevye)
3 – Krivichy (brasletoobraznye)
4 – Ilmenskie words (romboschitkovye)
5 – northerners (spiral).

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