Vladivostok

Vladivostok

4 Saratovskaya St. The Military Department building. Early 20th century. Photos by A. Mvalk.

Vladivostok is one of the largest cities in the Far East of Russia. It is the capital of Primorsky Krai. Rising from the sea coast and spreading on surrounding hills, Vladivostok seaport is situated in the southern part of picturesque Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula. There are about 620,000 people living in Vladivostok today.
There are a great variety of architectural styles in downtown Numerous museums reflect Russian culture. Culture of the modern Russian family can be learned during home visits and home stays in local families arranged by tourist agencies. It is also a good opportunity to try home-made Russian food. Visits to dachas (a kind of summer cottage that many Russians own) is another possibility to get acquainted with Russian life style.

Far Eastern nature is only a step away. Tourist agencies organize bus rides for groups that have a unique opportunity to visit the coastline, waterfalls, lakes and virgin forests.
Discover the Rich History and Traditions of Vladivostok

Vladivostok’s night life is attractive and diverse. Eleven night clubs, numerous restaurants, casinos, and discos are open all year round. Pop and rock bands frequently play at the nigh

Travellers interested in nature have many choices in Vladivostok and its surburbs. There are six wildlife reserves throughout Primorsky Krai. They range from ones protecting the endangered Amur tiger to Khanka Nature Reserve, which has rare lotus flowers blooming in August.t clubs and restaurants, which serve Russian, Oriental and European cuisine.
Many citizens grow fruits, vegetables and flowers at dachas. Dacha is an integral part of Russia’s older generation life style and culture. Families and friends gather at dachas on the weekends to share food and drink, to tell stories and sometimes to dance and to have impromtu plays. Some tourist agencies arrange visits to dachas.

Vladivostok also has a monument commemorating Russian vessels that saved two whales stuck in a small opening surrounded by ice near Barrow, Alaska.

There are six wildlife reserves throughout Primorsky Krai. They range from ones protecting the endangered Amur tiger to Khanka Nature Reserve, which has rare lotus flowers blooming in August.
Botanical Garden

Tourists have an opportunity to go on a sea voyage in the clear waters of Amur Bay. During such a voyage they can see spectacular views of azure waters, emerald islands, rocky cliffs, and unforgettable Vladivostok skyline while tanning, fishing, or taking pictures.
Tourists interested in camping may take an overnight trip to one of the uninhabited islands of Rimsky-Korsakov Archipelago in Peter the Great Bay. Comfortable boat voyages are organized to these
islands.

The Far Eastern State Marine Reserve is situated not far from Vladivostok. It includes several islands, which are more than 8,000 years old and have a unique environment with 3,300 plants and animals species and more than 360 birds species. The reserve offeres six different boat voyages around Peter the Great Bay.
Hunting and Fishing
Hunting and fishing fans have an opportunity to enjoy their hobby in Primorye. Hunters may purchase a licence to hunt for elk, bear, deer, and wild boar. The rivers are full of salmon, trout and char.
Students and teachers interested in scientific, educational and cultural exchanges have an opportunity to share their ideas, opinions and achievements. A number of regional scientific conferences and symposia are regularly held in Vladivostok.

International airport “Vladivostok” has a wide network of both international and Russian airlines and can accept almost all types of planes.
Based in airport “Vladivostok” the Far Eastern airline “Vladivostok Avia” conducts regular international flights to Japan (Osaka, Toyama and Niigata), Republic of Korea (Seoul and Pusan) and China (Harbin, Dalian and Changchun); regular domestic flights to Moscow, Abakan, Kemerovo, Barnaul, Tomsk, Irkutsk, Yakutsk, Novosibirsk, Ekaterinburg, Krasnodar and cities of the Far Eastern region as well as charter flights abroad.
Foreign airlines like Korean Air, Shanghaiskye Avialinii and Air Korea as well as Russian airlines Aeroflot, Domodedovskye Avialinii, etc., have regularly scheduled flights to airport “Vladivostok”.
International airport “Vladivostok” has fine VIP waiting room, customs and immigration offices.

Local Transportation
Taxis are available for tourists. It is also possible to use public transportation, which is very well developed in Vladivostok. Trolley buses, trams and buses can take you from downtown to almost any place in Vladivostok and its suburbs. Cable railway not far from the center of Vladivostok can take you to an observation point from which you may see a splendid view of harbor and city. Hitch-hiking is not recommended. Many drivers will offer rides, but they will expect to be paid.
Be prepared to provide the following information:
Copy of the first two pages of your passport
Full name as it is stated on your passport
Passport number and date of birth
Dates of expected arrival and departure from Russia
List of Russian cities you would like to visit
Purpose of travel (business or pleasure)

Health Advice to Tourists
Visitors should not drink unboiled tap water. Bottled carbonated mineral water and pure water can be found in almost every shop.
Restrooms are available at the hotels, restaurants and public buildings. There are public biotoilets in the downtown area. They are easy to spot because of their distinctive blue color.

Restaurants
Many restaurants organize shows on Christmas, New Year’s Eve and other holidays. They also take orders for banquets, business negotiations, presentations and advertising campaigns. As a rule, restaurants have karaoke bars, live music and dance floors.
Because of its status as the capital of Primosky Krai, Vladivostok has plenty of fine hotels to satisfy any guests’ preferences and budget. Some visitors prefer home stays because this way they can learn more about Russian people and culture.
The rooms in the international class hotels are equipped with air conditioning, telephones, mini-bars, TV sets and VCRs as well as tea and coffee-machines. These hotels have bars, restaurants, business centers, currency exchange offices, video rental services, barber shops and hairdresser parlors, saunas, airplane tickets booking offices, luggage rooms, souvenir shops, etc.
Hotels rates range from $20-$50 to $90 per night. A room in first-class hotel can cost $170-$250 per night. The most luxurious rooms can cost up to $ 1,000.
ACFES SEIYO Hotel*** tel: 319-000; fax: 319-009
aseiyo@vtc.ru
Amur Bay Hotel* tel: 225-520; fax: 221-430
Chaika Hotel tel: 414-387; fax: 413-850
Equator tel: 412-060; fax: 411-384
Gavan hotel*** tel: 495-363; fax: 495-364
hotel@gavan.ru
www.gavan.ru
Granit tel: 203-865; fax: 203-260
Hyundai Hotel**** tel: 402-233; fax: 407-007/8
marketing.vbc@gin.ru
www.htlhb.ru
Primorye Hotel** tel: 411-422; fax: 413-405
tourprimorye64@mail.primorye.ru
Slavyanskaya tel: 458-924, 451-797
Souz-Roliz tel: 331-350; fax: 330-627
Versailles Hotel tel: 264-201; fax: 265-124
versal@mail.primorye.ru
Visit Vladivostok tel: 413-453; fax; 410-613
Vlad Motor Inn*** tel: 331-351; fax: 330-717
reservations@vlad-inn.ru
www.vlad-inn.ru
Vladivostok Hotel** tel: 412-808; fax: 412-021
vladhotl@fastmail.vladivostok.ru
The area code is: +7(4232)

37 Bestuzhev St. The house of Vladivostok Fortress Commandant, 1903. Architect V. Planson.

Naberezhnaya (Waterfront) Street.

The beginning of Sveilanskaya Street.

On the left 14 Svetlanskaya St. Tenement house, 1903,1919. Architect I. Meshkov. The Central Trade Union Bureau of Primorye and “Centresoyus”, were located here, in 1917-1922. Facades were renovated by Vladital Joint Venture in 2000. Restorer-architect N. Myalina.

20 Svetlanskaya St. V. Babintsev’s tenement house (Siberian Bank), 1906. Architect I. Meshkov.
Facades were renovated by Vladitcil Joint Venture in 2000. Restorer-architect N. Myalina.

Intersection of Svetlanslaya and Aleutskaya Streets.

Svetlanskaya St. L. Radomyshelsky’s VersailleHotel, 1908. Architect I. Meshkov. Facades and interiers were renovated under the supervision of V. Obertas in 1993- Renovation project by the Far Eastern Scientific Research Institute of Marine Fleet. Interior Color design, stained-glass windows by N. Oshovskaya.

The interior of the lobby.

The interior of the staircase and details.

The interior of the restaurant.

12 Svetlanskaza St. L. Vakhovich’s house, 1902.

11 Svetlanskaya St. К. Goldenstedt’s Central Hotel, 1907. Architect V.Goldenstedt. Facades were renovated by the MOKHCo. in 1996.

Svedanskaya St. in the area of Central Square.

Svetlanskaya St., Central Square. Monument to Fighters for the Soviet Power in the Russian Far East, 1961. Sculptor A. Teneta, architect A. Usachev.
Renovated in 2001 by the Allair Co. (sculptures) and the Chistaya Vocla (“Clean Water”) Co.

35 Svetlanskaya St. “Kunst & Albers” Trade House, 1900,1907. Architect G. Junghendel.

40 Svetlanskaya St. Administrative building of the “Kunst & Albers” Trade House, 1903. Architect G. Junghendel.


4J Svtilaijskajya st. Vladivostok Post and Telegraph Office.
1899.
Architect A. Gvozdziovskiv Facades were renovated by the Unversal-Tmding Service Co. in 2000

43 Svedanskaya Sc. V.P. Pyankov’b tenement house, 1901.
Architect 1. Meshkov

46 Svedanskaya St. House of Ya. Semenov, first head of the city of Vladivostok, 1910*1913 Architect I. Meshkov.
Facades were renovated by the Universal Trading Service Co. in 2001

47 Svetlanskaya St. Navy Headquarters, 1911. 1945. Architects I. Zaborovskiy, A. Poretskov. The interior has been renovated by the Master-M. Co. and Hunters since 1998. Architects A. Yefimov, M. Tyurina.

52 Svetlanskaya St. The house of Vladivostok Military Governor, later Primorskaya Oblast Military Governor. 1891. Author engineer V. Mooro.

Primorskaya Oblast Military Governor’s house. Memorial plaques. Author B. Dyachenko, sculptor N. Montach.

A fireplace (ceramics).

Vladivostok

A fireplace (ceramics).

Primorskaya Oblast Military Governor’s house.

The interior of the ground floor.

The south facade.

6 Peter the Great St. Museum of the Society for the Amur Region Studies, the older museum in the Russian Far Hast. 1890,1912. Geographer V. Arsenyev, geographer Academician V. Komarov, regional scholar A. Kurentsov and other famous researchers worked here.
Architects K. Sergiyenko, F. Postnikov.

8 Peter the Great St. New theater, 1918. Architect A. Bulgakov.

Triumphal Arch. Built in 1891 to commemorate Cesarevitch Nikolai’s visit to Vladivostok. Pulled down in the 1930s. Reconstructed by patrons
in 2003. Project authors V. Moor, V. Obertas, A. Gavrilov. Contractor Dalstroybusiness.

57 Svedanskaya St. City Council House 1896,1933

61 Svetlanskaya St. Valdens House. Early 20th century.

72 Svetlanskaya St. Vladivostok Navy Pori and Silurian Flotilla Headquarters, 1907. Architect I. Seestrandt.

76 Svetlanskaya St. Residential house of the Siberian Naval Depot Complex (-Officers, wing houses-), 1910. Architect I. Zaborovskiy.
Rear Admiral A. Demin, a hydrographer, G. Sedov, the explorer of the North, lived here.

Svetlanskaya Street.

8 Ekipazhnaya St., Buildings 1-9.18 Ekipazhnaya St. A complex of residential buildings of the Siberian Fleet crew, 1903-1905.

78 Svetlanskaya St. Residential house of the Siberian Naval Depot Complex (-Officers, wing houses*), 1903- Architect I. Seestrandt. The north facade, details. Facades were renovated by the Viet clgracl Co. in 1996 according to the project of the Far Eastern Reseach Institute for Marine Fleet. Restorer-architect A. Kotlyamv.

Светланская ул., 104. Торговый до.ч “Кунсг и Альберс” в Офицерской слободе, 1906 г. Архитектор Г.Р. Юнгхендель.

179 Svetlanskaya St.
Polskiy’s house, 1899. The facades were renovated by the Savgo Co. in
1998.

7 Pushkinskaya Si. House of N. Sollogub, (he first editor and publisher of the early Vladivostok newspaper, a public figure and philanthropist, 1882,1884.

19 Pushkinskaya St. Chinese Consulate, 1894. Architect P. Bazilevskiy.

25 Pushkinskaya St. Residential house. 1947. Architect A. Poretskov. A.S. Alliluyev, Hero of Socialist Libor, lived here. 1950-1960.

22 Pushkinskaya St. Residential house, 1946-1947. Architect A. Poretskov. The facade was renovated VladNllproject. Architects A. Karepov, I. Berezina, V. Goncharov.

Vladivostok

27 Pushkinskaya St. Salesmen’s Assembly, 1908. Architect Yu.Wagner. The facades and the interior were renovated by die SavgoCo. under the supervision of a restorer-architect Yu.Likhanskiy in 1999.
Stucco moulding renovated by the Yulvit Co.

School for girls, People’s Education Ministry. The lobby.

19 Volodarskiy Si. A. Pushkin People’s House, 1907, Architect P. Mikulin.

Volodarskiy St. Catholic Church, 1921. Architect A. Gvozdziovskiy. Under renovation since 1994 by the Holy Virgin Catholic parish.

Admiral Fokin St.

30 Makhalin St.
Church school, consecrated in honor of the Icon of the Mother of God “Consolation of All the Afflicted”, commemorates warriors perished in the Russo-Japanese War, 1904-1905,1907. (St. Nicholas Orthodox Cathedral). Renovated in 1971-1975 under the supervision of V. Obertas.

30 Makhalin St.
Church school, consecrated in honor of the Icon of the Mother of God “Consolation of All the Afflicted”, commemorates warriors perished in the Russo-Japanese War, 1904-1905,1907. (St. Nicholas Orthodox Cathedral). Renovated in 1971-1975 under the supervision of V. Obertas.

Vladivostok

7 Okeanskiy Avenue. Japanese Consulate. 1916. Architect Ya. Shafrat. The facades were renovated by the MOKHCo. in 2002.

30 Okeanskiy Avenue. Complex of L. Skidelskiy tenement houses, 1909

21 Fontannaya Street.
A residential house, 1909. Architect A. Bulgakov.

65 Pologaya St.
Vladivostok ecclesiastical consistory 1911 – Architect N. Konovalov.

67 Pologava St. Entrepreneur 1. Lingerie’s house, 1896. Architect A. Gvozdziovskiy.

23 Praporschik (Ensign) Komarov St. Residential house, 1889. House where F. Busse, head of the Migration Department, an explorer of the region, the first Chairperson of the Society for the Amur Region Studies, a philanthropist and public figure, lived in 1884-1889. The facades were renovated by the VladgradCo. in 1997. Renovation project by the Far Eastern Scientific Research Institute of Marine Fleet. Restorer-architect A. Kotlyarov.

Fort № 5 builders’ settlement. A cold storage room. Early 20th century.

The Shkot Peninsula, Transportnaya St. Shkot range of lighthouses, 1910,1954.

Tokarevskogo Koshka. Tokarevskiy Lighthouse.

Vladivostok fortress

Military engineers, who showed their talent for constructing Vladivostok Fortress, contributed to the cultural hevitade of Vladivostok too. It existed formally for 34 years from 1889 till 1923. From the 1880s until 1917, over 60 million gold rubles were spent on developing it, with the defensive constructions located in the area larger in size than today’s urban constructions area.
In 1877. during the Russo-Turkish War, when our relations with England were threatened to break off. Unterberger selected sites for costal batteries, and this selection was so successful that twenty years later these wooden earthworks were just substituted for concrete fortifications with the general configuration of the coastal defense constructions remaining the same.
In 1889 Vladivostok was officially granted a name of fortress city. Until 1889, under the direction of Colonel К. Chernoknizhnikov, the first Chief Engineer of the fortress, the main military road, sheltered against fire, was built and the first concrete installations were constructed.
From 1900 to 1904 Muravyov-Amursky Fort, Suvorov Fort. Forifications N l, 2 and 3 later. Linevich Fort). Redoubts No4, No 5 and three lunettes were constructed under thesupervision of Colonel V. Zhigalkovskiy Chief Engineer of the fortress, and Cokind S. Chizh, a builder of Vladivostok fortifications, (o the design of a well-known military engineer Colonel K. Velichko. The fortrfkations were linked by a meat and an earth «all stretching from Amurskiy Hay to Tikhaya Bay Russian Fort on the mountain of the same name and Fortificatkn Nrt (later Pospelow Fort) on the Sapyorny Peninsula were constructed on Russkiy Island Besides, twenty-three coastal batteries were built and renovated.
During the Russo-Japanese War. the fortress, a reliable fleet shdter. provided operations of Vladivostok cruicers in Japanese shipping lanes.
In 1910-16, the fortress was essentially reinforced to the design developed by a group of military engineers under the direction of Engineer General A. Wernander. According to this design, there were built Forts 1-7 and strongholds lettered А. Б, В, Д, E, 3 (Cyrillic) along the southern side of the Sedanka River valley from Ussuriyskiy Bay to Amurskiy Bay; Forts 9-12 on the southern and eastern coast of Russkiy Island. 30 coastal batteries were established and renovated. 15 coastal anti-amphibious caponiers and semi-caponiers were installed. Eight tunnel powder galleries. a meat refrigerator in Pervaya Rechka district, an air field in Vtoraya Rechka district, over 200 km of macadam roads were built.
All new fortifications had a lot of casemated and underground constructions. The concrete coating placed in steel channels and T-shaped beams on bituminous concrete surfaces was as thick as 2.4 -3.6 meters, which provided defense even at 420-mm gun fire. The fort configuration matched natural features; landforms were not broken up, and the weapon emplacements were dispersed around a large area, which impeded the enemy artillery ranging.
Vladivostok turned to be a peculiar test ground for both Russian and, after 1918, world fortification science The engineer decisions in planning its fortifications were based on Port Arthur defense experience, summed up by an outstanding Russian military engineer A. von Swartz. These decisions proved to be a decade or two ahead of time. The principle of dispersed fortification, applied in Vladivostok, was at the root of all fortified regions, fortified lines established between the world wars – Maginot Line, Siegfried Line. Manncrhcim Line, and Stalin Line.
By 1914.2/3 of the fortifications tiad been ready, the fortress garrison consisting of the 4r Siberian Army Corps (31 and 9 й Siberian Infantry Divisions and 4* Siberian Mortar Battalion), Vladivostok fortress artillery (1“ and 4“ regiments), and Vladivostok Fortress Engineer Brigade – the total of up to SO thousand people. Just coastal batteries were equipped with over 200 guns of 120-280 mm caliber.
During World War I, the fortress lost part of its infantry garrison and heavy-weight armament, dispatched to the Western front. Durring the Russian Civil War, it repeatedly passed from hand to hand. However the fortress headquarters operated efficiently; the foil equipment and materiel were guarded, and it was not until 1923 that the fortress was abolished, according to the agreement with Japan.
The fortress was under construction for quite a long period of time, employing more and more new land sites for its constructions. Today the fortress fortifications occupy a great pan of Vladivostok city territory (about 100 km in perimeter, covering 37 km from the northern most to the southernmost points), with the fortifications being nonhomogenious- ranging from small dug batteries and redoubts up to 10-30 hectare concrete forts, each costing from two eight million gold rubles

View of the Eastern Bosporus Strait and Russian Island from the Shkot Peninsula.

Fort Russkikh (Fori of the Russians), 1895-1902. Work done by military engineers Romanovich and E. Maak.

Vladivostok

A rifle parapet of the central stronghold.

View from the central stronghold. Upward; left lunette, semi-caponier, rifle parapet of the central stronghold.

Fort № 3-1910-1917.

A semi-caponier of the right redoubt.

A double counter-scarp caponier (coffre) in the ditch.

A barlwtte for anti-assault guns and exit from the gallery beneath the parapet.

Fort Мм A rifle parapet and exits from the gallery beneath the parapet.

Tokarevskaya lower coastal battery, 1897. Military engineer Captain Yakubovskiy.

Coastal battery XIII. 1911-1913. Military engineer Captain F.Shabanov.

Vladivostok

Fort N» 1. 1910-1917. Military’ engineer Captain M. Kudryavtsev. The ditch.

A double counter-scorp caponier (coffre) in the ditch.

Fort №1. A concrete parapet.

Vladivostok

Fort Nsl. Intermediate artillery semi-caponier.