Early 20th century Russia
Early 20th century Russia. The historical development of pre-revolutionary Russia was marked by a combination of semi-feudal remnants of caste system and relations with elements of the modernization of the economic, political and cultural spheres. In Russian society, market relations intertwined with the functioning of the pre-capitalist peasant household and landlordism. In political life leading role belonged to the state apparatus, dominated by the representatives of the nobility and large landowners.
Contradictions that have prevailed in the country after the revolutionary events of 1905-1907 were not eliminated. Polarization between the “lower classes” and the urban and rural population has led to the fact that the second half of 1910 the number of strikes in Russia begins to increase rapidly. Powerful wave of demonstrations, rallies and strikes swept across the country in response to the shooting of workers of gold mines on the Lena River in April 1912. The move of political protest was attended by about 300 thousand people. Thereupon held May Day speech from 400 thousand participants. Overall in 1912, went on strike over 1 million people. In 1913 the strike movement gained even greater momentum, the total number of strikers was 1800 thousand.
The first signs of future political, economic and social conflicts, the growth of revolutionary movement become apparent before the death of Stolypin (1911), who prophetically predicted five years of peaceful life. Stolypin system collapse largely determined the nature of further political crisis in the prewar and wartime.
Wave of strikes and workers’ movement took on the eve of World War sharp political character, which was greatly influenced by agitation of the Bolsheviks. Their slogans and appeals more coincided with the mood of the workers themselves. Police Department with growing apprehension allowing amplification of the labor movement and the success of the Bolsheviks in their advocacy. Ignoring existing laws, the government struck with the repression of the trade unions, the working press and other legal bodies of the labor movement, as well as on the opposition-minded public -governmental organizations.
Development of a looming crisis of public authorities has been suspended thanks to the patriotic upsurge in various sectors of society, caused by the joining Russia July 19, 1914 the World War II. Most of the population, government officials in the country stuck in the moment “jingoistic” sentiment. One of the few who openly advocated the cessation of the war, was Count Witte. He predicted the great misfortune of Russia in case the continuation of hostilities . However, in that period, Witte had been very far of real power and influence.
First Russian victory at the war fronts were replaced by a series of catastrophic lesions. In this year in Russia were recorded about 2 thousand strikes with 900 thousand members in 1916 – 2.3 thousand strikes from 1800 thousand strikers.
The October Revolution – one of the major political events of the XX century, which occurred in Russia in October 1917 and affected the future course of world history. As a result, the civil war started in Russia. In the history of Russia civil war was one of the greatest tragedies. It claimed millions of lives and destroyed life of millions people.
Images scanned from “Early 20th century Russia” photo album