Faina Ranevskaya

Faina Ranevskaya

Ranevskaya is a bright woman, a legendary theater and film actress. She knew how to create from a small episode the most memorable image in a cinematic picture. In addition, the actress was witty, intelligent and incredibly eccentric. Therefore, the biography and personal life of Faina Ranevskaya still worries not only her fans, but also critics. In the parental home The future actress was born into a wealthy Jewish family on August 15, 1896 in Taganrog. It is worth noting that the real name of Faina Ranevskaya is Feldman.

Father, Hirsh Haimovich Feldman, owned a factory where dry paints were produced, but also maintained a steamer and houses. Mom, Milka Rafailovna Zagovailova, did not work anywhere, which was considered the norm in wealthy families. In addition to Faina, the family had three sons (Jacob, Rudolph, Lazar) and a daughter (Bella).

Faina Ranevskaya


A wealthy childhood and youth did not bring joy to Faina. She felt lonely in her parents’ huge house. Firstly, Ranevskaya’s peers and brothers scoffed at her because of the stuttering that the girl suffered from from an early age. The girl quarreled violently with them. Secondly, Faina was not beautiful and was jealous of her sister’s attractive appearance.

Faina recalled with a shudder about studying in a closed boarding house. Complexes (stuttering, ugly appearance) made it difficult to make friends. She liked to study literature and a foreign language, she considered other subjects unnecessary and uninteresting, so she studied poorly at school. But the girl knew how to defend her opinion and argue with adults. When my parents came, I begged them to take her out of this “terrible” institution. In the end, Faina succeeded, she returned home.

Faina Ranevskaya

At home, the girl hired private teachers and gradually her studies improved, although she did not succeed in mathematics. During this period, Ranevskaya is fond of cinema, the world on the other side of the screen seemed magical and mysterious.

In 1913, the Feldman family went to Moscow, visited the Moscow Art Theater, where they performed The Cherry Orchard on stage. It is here that young Faina decides that she will definitely become an actress. Realizing that at least a basic education is needed to enter drama school, she begins to study diligently and read books. She persuades her parents to enroll her in a theater studio. The father and mother believed that this fleeting hobby would pass when the girl got married.

The beginning of the acting career of Faina Ranevskaya

Young years In 1915, when Ranevskaya was 17 years old, she left for Moscow. The capital met the provincial inhospitable. After all, the girl had almost no funds (dad kept his word). The only money was given by my mother secretly from the head of the family. With this money, she rented a small room. But despite such a difficult situation, the future actress felt free and independent.

In Moscow, the girl is trying to enter the theater school. Unfortunately, she does not succeed. All dreams began to melt away like a dream. Then Faina decides to study at a private theater school. But there is not enough money to finish my studies. Then, in the biography of Ranevskaya Faina Georgievna, an event occurs that will turn out to be fateful. She meets the famous actress Ekaterina Geltser. It is she who will notice the girl’s talent and invite her to live with her, seeing the difficult situation. Here, in the prima’s apartment, the highest Moscow creative elite gathered: Mayakovsky; Mandelstam; Tsvetaeva; Kachalov and other personalities.

Faina Ranevskaya in her youth

Malakhovsky Summer Theater

Geltser gives Faina a job at the Malakhovsky Summer Theater, where brilliant actors played. Here she makes her debut on stage in the production of director Andreev “The one who gets slapped”. The young artist was taken into the crowd, but even here she stood out against the background of her comrades. Her talent and personality was noticed by the famous actor Singers. After the performance, he said that a brilliant theatrical future awaited Ranevskaya. His words turned out to be prophetic

In the revolutionary and war years, Ranevskaya still works fruitfully, touring the cities of Russia. From 1913 to 1930 he appeared on the stage: Baku; Rostov; Smolensk; Astrakhan. Then he returns to Moscow again.

on the stage of the theater

Serving the Theater In Moscow (1931), she easily gets a job in the troupe of the Moscow Chamber Theater. Here he makes his debut in the role of prostitute Zina in the production of “Pathetic Sonata”. It was this image that made her famous throughout the capital. After all, she was very convincing and realistic in the role of Zinka.

In 1935, Faina Ranevskaya moved to the theater of the Red Army, here they were given leading roles, and the woman became the prima of the theater. The most memorable image is the role of Vassa Zheleznova. A few years later, the actress starts working at the Drama Theater. During the war years she toured with him with the play “Young Guard”, for which she was later awarded the medal “For Valiant Labor”.

Works in cinema

The birth of a new star in cinema took place in the film “Pyshka” (1934) directed by Romm. Ranevskaya had few roles in cinema, but they were all remembered by the viewer and glorified the actress. It is noteworthy that Faina Georgievna did not like cinema, but it was he who helped her become recognizable on the streets. She preferred the stage, she spoke about working in the cinema like this: “The money ran out, but the shame remained.” List of popular paintings with Ranevskaya’s participation: “Man in a Case”; “Foundling”; “Girlfriend”; “Engineer Cochin’s Mistake”; “Wedding”; “Spring”; “Heavenly Slow Mover”; “Careful, grandma.” Surprisingly, but

The film partners were brilliant actors Pugovkin, Wulf, Garin, Maretskaya, Orlova, Yumatov, Zelenaya, Milyavsky. It is worth noting that Pavel Wolf was Ranevskaya’s best friend.

Faina Ranevskaya’s contribution to art was highly appreciated by the state. So, in 1937 she became the Honored Artist of the RSFSR, in 1961 the People’s Artist of the USSR. In 1976 she was awarded the Order of Lenin. But she was also awarded 3 Stalin Prizes and an asteroid discovered in 1986 was named after her.