The work of Fyodor Reshetnikov reflects the era of socialist realism with a clear portrayal of facial expressions, gestures and moods of the characters. His paintings are characterized by a historical, patriotic and pedagogical orientation. The plots of genre works are mostly devoted to children and social and political events.
Biography of Fyodor Reshetnikov
Fyodor Reshetnikov has gone a difficult path to fame and fame as an artist. In early childhood, she helps her brother in the workshop, in adolescence she begins to earn money on her own: she tries different professions and takes on any low-paying job.
At the age of 22, according to the then rules of the socialist system in the country, he received a start in life he was sent to Moscow to enter the workers’ faculty with the aim of further studying art.
And after graduation, in 1929, he became a student of the Higher Artistic and Technical Workshops, where he studied painting with Sergei Gerasimov and graphics with Dmitry Moor, the founder of the Soviet political poster. The first success comes already during the student period. Satirical drawings by Fyodor Reshetnikov are popular with the public.
After postponing his studies, in 1932 he became an artist-reporter for Otto Schmidt’s polar expedition on the Sibiryakov icebreaker. And a year later on the “Chelyuskin”, which is destined to crash and sink in the Bering Strait. The rescued team will return to the capital with triumph, and the sketches brought against the background of the “Chelyuskin epic” will become a new subject of fame for the young Fyodor Reshetnikov.
Propaganda posters and easel painting
During the Great Patriotic War, he was engaged in propaganda art, draws patriotic posters calling for the fight against the enemy. The satirist’s skill is reflected in anti-Hitler cartoons denouncing fascism. A keen opportunistic instinct in the following years will bring the artist two Stalin Prizes.
From the mid-1940s he turned to easel painting. Creates reference works of Stalinist socialist realism dedicated to children. In them, the author perfectly reflects the life and everyday life of Soviet schoolchildren, draws emotions and moods, conveys mischievous and dreamy children’s characters. In 1956 he received the title of People’s Artist of the RSFSR. Since this period, the work of the master is filled with satire.
He enthusiastically exposes formalism in art, creates sharp graphic cartoons for colleagues. With the start of the arms race in the 1970s, he switched to political posters criticizing imperialism and the aggressive intentions of the United States and the NATO military bloc. In subsequent years, for services in the field of art and public education, he became the owner of two orders: the name of Lenin and the October Revolution. Fyodor Pavlovich Reshetnikov passed away on December 13, 1988. He was 82 years old.
The most famous paintings
- “They got the ‘tongue’” (1945) the play of the boys seen on the street was reflected in the first work dedicated to children.
- “Generalissimo of the Soviet Union IV Stalin” (1948) the canonical portrait in 1949 was awarded the Stalin Prize.
- “Arrived on Vacation” (1948) one of the most popular and replicated works, a reproduction of which was often depicted on postcards.
- “Two Again” (1952) is one of the artist’s most famous genre paintings, reflecting the everyday scene of the peaceful life of Soviet people. “The death of“ Chelyuskin ”(1973) is a work written from the memoirs of the“ Chelyuskin epic ”.