About the village
The village of Tabolovo is located in the Leninsky urban district of the Moscow region. It is about 3 km east of Vidnoye city center. The Kupelinka (Kupelnya) river flows nearby. It is known that at the beginning of the 17th century in Tabolovo there was a wooden church and the estate of Vasily Petrovich Morozov was located here. Vasily Petrovich participated in the Swedish campaign (1590), was a governor in Tula and Pskov (1596), fought against False Dmitry I (1604), against Bolotnikov (1606-1607). In 1612, Morozov was in the troops of the Second Militia and entered the government of Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich, participated in his wedding to the kingdom.
In 1646, Tabolovo belonged to the boyar Ivan Vasilyevich Morozov, who ruled Moscow when Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich was on the Polish campaign (1654-1655). Since 1678, the village was owned by his son, Mikhail Ivanovich Morozov, and after his death in 1680 the village was transferred to the Palace Department. Then Tabolovo was transferred to the boyar Anna Petrovna Khitrovo. In 1696 Anna Petrovna sold the estate to the Apraksin brothers. Fedor Matveyevich Apraksin was the Arkhangelsk governor and built ships in the White Sea, rose to the rank of admiral general, and managed the naval department.
Andrei Matveyevich had the rank of the 2nd class – “kravchiy” (the court rank, responsible for stewards serving food and drinks). Their sister, Marfa Matveyevna, became the second wife of Tsar Fyodor Alekseevich, the elder brother of Peter I.
Church of the Assumption building
In 1700, the village passed to another of the Apraksin brothers – Peter Matveyevich, the steward of Tsar Fyodor Alekseevich. In 1706, Pyotr Matveyevich began construction of a white-stone church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and a bell tower in his estate. Apraksin asked the Tsar Peter Alekseevich for permission to build: “The most sovereign Tsar … I ask you to celebrate the future church in the village of Tabolovo … to build a new church in the name of the Assumption of the Virgin with 2 side-altars, and the land to that church for the priest with clerks from my dacha ready by decree. ”
White stone was used for the construction of the church. Quarries were located on both banks of the Pakhra River (there were 3 villages: Syanovo, Novlinskoe, Kamnino). Work on the construction of the church was delayed and the consecration of the temple took place only in 1721. The duration of construction was apparently due to the fact that the city of St. Petersburg was being erected at the same time and stone construction throughout Russia was stopped.
In the Assumption Church, the layout of the 16th-17th centuries is organically combined with the layering of the Naryshkin style.
The temple was an “octagon on a quadruple” with one apse. On 3 sides it was surrounded by a closed gallery – a porch, closed from the east by two aisles. In the annex above the western part of the porch there is a staircase leading to the box. The Church of the Assumption of the Virgin, created at the turn of the 2nd century, combined features of several trends in Russian architecture.
The archives for 1884 describe the temple as follows: “The church is white-stone at the old estate … At the base it has the shape of a square. The outer walls are smooth. Under the cornices there are pilasters with circles carved from white stone. Pilasters at the corners. White stone bricks with pebbles. The lantern on the arches is through.
There are 8 faces on the church, 3 of which are above the main dome, 2 over the arches of the side temples. The cross on the middle head is wooden, covered with zinc, eight-pointed. And the crosses over the side temples are iron … The windows are below … with arcuate lintels … The altar was separated from the temple by a stone wall with 3 spans … The floor is tiled cast iron … The iconostasis of the new device is 4-tier with columns … The bell tower was founded simultaneously with the temple of white hipped stone forms … ”
In 1757, Count Pyotr Alekseevich Apraksin sold Tabolovo to Prince Dmitry Yuryevich Trubetskoy.
Then Tabolovo belonged to the Melgunovs, and in 1890 the merchant E.I. Gavrilov. In 1918 the state farm “Gavrilovo” was formed on the lands of Tabolovo. The church continued to operate. In 1922, valuable utensils were removed from the church. In 1934, the activity of the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary was terminated. The temple was partially destroyed. In the 90s. of the last century, the church was recognized as an architectural monument, but despite this, the building was used as a repository of documentaries.
The interior of the temple was disfigured by 13 stone boxes with metal doors, in which boxes with films were kept. In 1991, the church was handed over to the faithful. On May 29, 2003, by decree of the Metropolitan of Krutitsky and Kolomna, Yuvenaly, the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary was transformed into a separate parish. The most revered icons of the temple and the most ancient ones can be distinguished – the Miraculous image of the Mother of God “The Inexhaustible Chalice”, St. Nicholas the Wonderworker, the Prophet Elijah and the PRP Seraphim of Sarov.
The church has a charity canteen, a children’s art club, a club for special children, and a library. The temple interacts with the Vera Center for the Disabled.